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  1. DSM-III-R tobacco dependence and quitting during late adolescence.

    Article - En anglais

    Previous studies of tobacco dependence have tended not to examine adolescent samples.

    In a cohort of 18-year-olds, the 12-month prevalence rate of dependence based on DSM-III-R criteria was found to be 19.3%. Cotinine levels in saliva were positively related to level of cigarette consumption but not to tobacco dependence and may not be a suitable measure of dependence.

    Measures of behavioral and psychological aspects of smoking supported the utility of DSM-III-R criteria for tobacco dependence among young smokers.

    As a large number of young smokers are dependent on tobacco, the results support the development of treatment programmes for youth that take into consideration their degree of dependence.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Dépendance, Adolescent, Homme, Etude cohorte, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Sevrage syndrome

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Dependence, Adolescent, Human, Cohort study, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Withdrawal syndrome

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0550856

    Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 01/03/1996.