Previous studies of tobacco dependence have tended not to examine adolescent samples.
In a cohort of 18-year-olds, the 12-month prevalence rate of dependence based on DSM-III-R criteria was found to be 19.3%. Cotinine levels in saliva were positively related to level of cigarette consumption but not to tobacco dependence and may not be a suitable measure of dependence.
Measures of behavioral and psychological aspects of smoking supported the utility of DSM-III-R criteria for tobacco dependence among young smokers.
As a large number of young smokers are dependent on tobacco, the results support the development of treatment programmes for youth that take into consideration their degree of dependence.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Dépendance, Adolescent, Homme, Etude cohorte, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Sevrage syndrome
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Dependence, Adolescent, Human, Cohort study, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Withdrawal syndrome
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0550856
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 01/03/1996.