To examine levels of violence exposure and reports of feeling unsafe in relation to psychological and behavioral characteristics for a general population sample of youths from an urban setting.
A comprehensive survey of high-risk behaviors, attitudes, indicators of adaptive behavior, and daily involvements was administered to a sample of 2,248 students in the 6th, 8th, and 10th grades in an urban public school system.
More than 40% of the youths surveyed reported exposure to a shooting or stabbing in the past year, and 74% reported feeling unsafe in one or more common environmental contexts.
Multiple regression analyses indicated significant relationships between violence exposure/feeling unsafe and a set of indicators of psychological and behavioral adaptation and expressed attitudes.
These results attest to the picture of violence as a common fact of inner-city life and to the demand that is placed on urban youths to accommodate in their psychological development to chronic threat and lack of safety.
Psychiatry, 1995,34,10 : 1343-1352.
Mots-clés Pascal : Violence, Trouble comportement social, Exposition, Milieu urbain, Epidémiologie, Attitude, Autoévaluation, Sécurité, Age scolaire, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Violence, Social behavior disorder, Exposure, Urban environment, Epidemiology, Attitude, Self evaluation, Safety, School age, Child, Human, Adolescent
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0549138
Code Inist : 002B18C04. Création : 01/03/1996.