Advances in the evaluation and treatment of electrical and thermal injuries suggest that the mechanism of injury in electrical trauma is more complex than once thought.
Thermal and nonthermal tissue damage can cause extensive destruction which may result in amputation rates as high as 65% for accident survivors.
This paper discusses the terminology around electrical trauma and reviews current understanding of the mechanisms of injury when an employee is exposed to electrical hazards.
Building on the classical analysis of electrical arc blast burns, the use of burn models as predictors of injury is considered.
Finally, electrical injury concepts and their implications for treatment in the emergency and hospital settings are presented.
Mots-clés Pascal : Article synthèse, Courant électrique, Prévention accident, Risque professionnel, Usine, Personnel, Traitement malade, Tissu, Modèle mathématique, Problème médical, Théorie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Electrical injuries, Thermal injuries, Electrical trauma, Tissue damage, Electrical hazards, Electrical arc blast burns, Burn models, Reviews, Electric currents, Accident prevention, Occupational risks, Industrial plants, Personnel, Patient treatment, Tissue, Mathematical models, Medical problems, Theory
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0547614
Code Inist : 002B26O. Création : 01/03/1996.