Traduction en anglais : Between politics and psychotherapy : strategies against "diseases of civilisation" in 20th century Germany.
The concept of « disease of civilisation » is commonly used for a variety of conditions.
It implies a criticism of the « modem » way of life.
This criticism and the strategies put forward to prevent diseases of civilisation are correlated to the specific historical context in which they are formulated.
The paper analyses three positions characterising different periods in 20th century German history : In the Weimar Republic, representatives ofpaediatrics and social hygiene asked for the expansion of public health care programmes according to the principles laid down by the Weimar constitution.
During the time of National Socialism, more radical measures were propagated by exponents of hygiene and psychotherapy, aiming at a fundamental restructuration of society in accordance with the Nazi ideology.
After 1945, strategies focused on the individual : Physical exercise, abstinence, and individual psychotherapy were propagated to prevent or treat the consequences of life in modern society.
Mots-clés Pascal : Historique, Allemagne, Maladie, Psychothérapie individuelle, Hygiène, Politique sanitaire, Prévention, Mode de vie, Médecine sociale, Siècle 20eme, Evolution, Homme, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Case history, Germany, Disease, Individual psychotherapy, Hygiene, Health policy, Prevention, Life habit, Social medicine, Century 20th, Evolution, Human, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0543442
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 01/03/1996.