Most studies of the health consequences of unemployment ignore the economic context within which job loss occurs.
Using data from a subset (N=1,252) of a national probability sample, this paper compares the effects of current and previous unemployment on depression and subjective physical health status across levels of educational attainment and local job availability.
Results show that current unemployment effects among the previously unemployed are strongest in low unemployment areas, particularly among individuals with a college-level education.
These findings are interpreted in terms of the two categories of unemployment-related stress most frequently identified in the literature : financial strain, which is thought to be more salient for people in lower socioeconomic statuses, and damage to sense of self, which may primarily characterize higher status victims of job loss.
Mots-clés Pascal : Chomage, Etat sanitaire, Bien être psychologique, Bien être physiologique, Santé mentale, Estime soi, Relation personnalité environnement, Environnement social, Marché travail, Crise économique, Structure sociale, Niveau étude, Adulte, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Unemployment, Health status, Psychological well being, Physiological wellbeing, Mental health, Self esteem, Environment personality relation, Social environment, Labour market, Economic crisis, Social structure, Education level, Adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0543053
Code Inist : 002A26L06. Création : 01/03/1996.