Participants in this study (N=178) were poorly informed about risk factors, warning signs, and self-examination (SE) practices for two common cancers in young adults, testicular cancer in men and breast cancer in women.
Compared to women, men were less likely to know about, see the importance of or practice SE.
We found no relationship between internal locus of control, hypochondriasis, and loneliness, on the one hand, and cancer knowledge and SE, on the other.
The best predictors of cancer awareness and SE were fear of developing cancer and self-rated confidence that SE was being done correctly.
The results are consistent with a health belief model and self-efficacy theory of health behavior.
Mots-clés Pascal : Autopalpation, Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Glande mammaire pathologie, Femme, Homme, Etude comparative, Testicule, Testicule pathologie, Appareil génital mâle pathologie, Prise conscience, Contrôle externe interne, Connaissance, Efficacité personnelle, Croyance, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Mammary gland diseases, Woman, Human, Comparative study, Testicle, Testicular diseases, Male genital diseases, Awareness, Locus of control, Knowledge, Self efficacy, Belief, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0531621
Code Inist : 002A26N03B. Création : 01/03/1996.