logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. Fulltext. Efficacy of permethrin-impregnated uniforms in the prevention of malaria and leishmaniasis in Colombian soldiers.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    We determined the efficacy of the use of permethrin-impregnated uniforms for prevention of malaria and leishmaniasis in a double-blind, randomized study of Colombian soldiers on patrol.

    In the study of malaria, soldiers were issued impregnated uniforms (i.e., a shirt, an undershirt, pants, socks, and a hat) or uniforms washed in water ; the soldiers wore the uniforms day and night for a mean of 4.2 weeks and were observed for an additional 4 weeks.

    Three (3%) of 86 soldiers wearing impregnated uniforms contracted malaria, whereas 12 (14%) of 86 soldiers wearing control uniforms contracted malaria (P=015).

    In the study of leishmaniasis (soldiers were in the area of endemicity for 6.6 weeks and were observed for 12 weeks thereafter), 4 (3%) of 143 soldiers wearing impregnated uniforms and 18 (12%) of 143 soldiers wearing control uniforms acquired disease (P=002).

    In the leishmaniasis study, and presumably in the malaria study, breakthrough infections in the treated group were primarily due to bites in unclothed regions of the body (face and hands).

    Permethrin-treated uniforms were virtually nontoxic (there were only two cases of mild skin irritation among 229 subjects), and impregnation is quick and inexpensive.

    Impregnation of clothing with permethrin is suggested for nonimmune populations who are likely to be exposed to malaria or leishmaniasis over a period of 1-2 months.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Paludisme, Protozoose, Parasitose, Infection, Prévention, Piqûre, Leishmaniose, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Permethrin, Insecticide, Lutte sanitaire, Traitement chimique, Vêtement, Homme, Colombie, Amérique du Sud, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malaria, Protozoal disease, Parasitosis, Infection, Prevention, Sting, Leishmaniasis, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Permethrin, Insecticide, Sanitary control, Chemical treatment, Clothing, Human, Colombia, South America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0525376

    Code Inist : 002B05E02B4. Création : 01/03/1996.