We determined the efficacy of the use of permethrin-impregnated uniforms for prevention of malaria and leishmaniasis in a double-blind, randomized study of Colombian soldiers on patrol.
In the study of malaria, soldiers were issued impregnated uniforms (i.e., a shirt, an undershirt, pants, socks, and a hat) or uniforms washed in water ; the soldiers wore the uniforms day and night for a mean of 4.2 weeks and were observed for an additional 4 weeks.
Three (3%) of 86 soldiers wearing impregnated uniforms contracted malaria, whereas 12 (14%) of 86 soldiers wearing control uniforms contracted malaria (P=015).
In the study of leishmaniasis (soldiers were in the area of endemicity for 6.6 weeks and were observed for 12 weeks thereafter), 4 (3%) of 143 soldiers wearing impregnated uniforms and 18 (12%) of 143 soldiers wearing control uniforms acquired disease (P=002).
In the leishmaniasis study, and presumably in the malaria study, breakthrough infections in the treated group were primarily due to bites in unclothed regions of the body (face and hands).
Permethrin-treated uniforms were virtually nontoxic (there were only two cases of mild skin irritation among 229 subjects), and impregnation is quick and inexpensive.
Impregnation of clothing with permethrin is suggested for nonimmune populations who are likely to be exposed to malaria or leishmaniasis over a period of 1-2 months.
Mots-clés Pascal : Paludisme, Protozoose, Parasitose, Infection, Prévention, Piqûre, Leishmaniose, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Permethrin, Insecticide, Lutte sanitaire, Traitement chimique, Vêtement, Homme, Colombie, Amérique du Sud, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malaria, Protozoal disease, Parasitosis, Infection, Prevention, Sting, Leishmaniasis, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Permethrin, Insecticide, Sanitary control, Chemical treatment, Clothing, Human, Colombia, South America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0525376
Code Inist : 002B05E02B4. Création : 01/03/1996.