As most of those experiencing traumatic brain injury tend to be young, disabled survivors will be gradually accruing in each locality as each year passes.
How many need continuing care a decade after injury ?
How many need day care, or need help with finding work, or continuing support for carers ? 190 patients who had been admitted to two UK regional neurosurgical units on average some 7 years earlier were followed up.
With an average age of 29 years these patients stayed in hospital for an average 33 days.
At follow-up 23% were classified as having moderate disability or worse on the Glasgow Outcome Scale, including 7.4% who had died subsequent to discharge.
Survivors were given a neuropsychological assessment and a socioeconomic interview.
Of the survivors, 17% had failed to make a good recovery, but 36% were failing to occupy their time in a meaningful way.
Age over 30 at time of injury, not occupied before injury, and above-average length of stay were some of the predictors for failing to occupy time.
Quality of life was severely curtailed for those who could not occupy their time, as was the case for their carers.
Appropriate counselling, vocational evaluation and family support in the early years following injury may help to improve quality of life for both the head-injured person and their carers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Crânioencéphalique, Pronostic, Long terme, Planification sociale, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Crâne pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Craniocerebral, Prognosis, Long term, Social planning, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Skull disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0513664
Code Inist : 002B16B. Création : 01/03/1996.