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  1. Reducing HIV needle risk behaviors among injection-drug users in the Midwest : an evaluation of the efficacy of standard and enhanced interventions.

    Article - En anglais

    This study compares the impact of a standard and an enhanced intervention on the needle-use behaviors reported by injection-drug users (IDUs) living in a low-seroprevalence area in the Midwest.

    Data on the drug-and needle-use practices of 381 IDUs completing a standard (n=232) or an enhanced (n=149) intervention who were followed-up five to nine months after a baseline interview were analyzed using bivariate and multivariate techniques.

    The results indicate that IDUs who participated in the enhanced intervention reported safer needle practices than standard intervention IDUs at follow-up.

    In addition, less frequent injectors were much more likely to adopt safer needle-use practices than were daily drug injectors, regardless of intervention track.

    The results suggest that more intensive interventions have advantages over minimalist efforts-in specific contexts.

    This finding has important implications for the HIV needle risk-reduction efforts targeting IDUs.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Facteur risque, Prise risque, Seringue, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Etude comparative, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, Risk factor, Risk taking, Syringe, Sanitary program, Prevention, Comparative study, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0509184

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 01/03/1996.