The dynamics of 137Cs concentration in the main types of agricultural products obtained in regions of Russia contaminated as a result of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) accident, in 1986, have been analysed.
The rate of decline of 137Cs contamination in agricultural products during the period under study (1987-1992) was not uniform.
Reductions of the 137Cs content of produce was most rapid during the early years after the accident, as a consequence of the intensive application of countermeasures at that time.
Half-life periods for 137Cs content in milk (the basic dose-forming product) and the decrease in products for areas in Russia subjected to the most intensive contamination amounted to 1.6 to 4.8 years, depending on the scale of countermeasures carried out.
Half-life periods of decrease of 137Cs content in other types of agricultural products (grain, potato) were within the range of 2 to 7 years.
Based on the comparison of the dynamics of 137Cs levels in agricultural products of the regions where the countermeasures scales differed, the contribution of countermeasures and of natural biogeochemical processes to the decrease of 137Cs contamination levels of the main types of agricultural products that determine the dose from internal irradiation of local population has been estimated.
Mots-clés Pascal : Radiocontamination, Accumulation biologique, Retombée radioactive, Accident, Centrale nucléaire, Demi vie, Produit agricole, Dynamique, Devenir polluant, Plante cultivée, Terre arable, Pâture, Technique culturale, Produit alimentaire, Lait vache, Irradiation(personne), Russie, Etude régionale, Transport polluant grande distance, Variation long terme, Sol dernovo podzolique, Cycle biogéochimique, Pollution sol, Césium 137, Eurasie, Contamination, Pollution radioactive, Ecotoxicologie, Radioactivité artificielle, Césium Isotope, Radioisotope, Sol lessivé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Radioactive contamination, Biological accumulation, Radioactive fall out, Accident, Nuclear power plant, Half life, Agricultural product, Dynamics, Pollutant behavior, Cultivated plant, Arable land, Pasture, Cultural practice, Foodstuff, Cow milk, Radiation exposure(person), Russia, Regional study, Long range pollutant transport, Long term variation, Sodipodzolic soil, Biogeochemical cycle, Soil pollution, Eurasia, Contamination, Radioactive pollution, Ecotoxicology, Induced radioactivity, Cesium Isotopes, Radioisotope, Leached soil
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0503902
Code Inist : 002A35E. Création : 01/03/1996.