The risk of exposed health care workers in 16 Italian hospitals becoming infected with hepatitis C virus was assessed through two serosurveys at a 1-year interval and at follow-up.
Prevalence, which was 2.2%, was significantly associated with previous acute hepatitis, blood transfusions, housekeeping, and older age (>46 years) but not with occupational risk factors.
After 1 year, 2622 (87%) of the 3006 seronegative health care workers were retested, and 3 (0.1%), who did not acknowledge occupational or community risk factors, seroconverted.
Additionally, 133 (97 needlesticks) out of 370 reported occupational exposures were to hepatitis C virus ; one pricked nurse seroconverted (0.75%). Although the risk is not negligible, hepatitis C virus infection does not seem to be easily occupationally transmitted.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale C, Virose, Infection, Exposition professionnelle, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Sérologie, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Milieu hospitalier, Italie, Europe, Médecine travail, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis C, Viral disease, Infection, Occupational exposure, Health staff, Human, Serology, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Hospital environment, Italy, Europe, Occupational medicine, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0500258
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 01/03/1996.