Objectives Previous studies have shown an excess risk of primary liver cancer among women working in laundries and dry-cleaning shops in Denmark at the time of the census in 1970.
During the period 1970-1987,14 cases of primary liver cancer were observed (standardized mortality ratio 2.7,95% confidence interval 1.5-4.5).
A nested case-referent study was undertaken in order to classify laundry workers and dry-cleaning workers separately.
According to hints in the literature, renal-cell carcinomas were also included in this analysis.
Methods Original census forms from 1970 were retrieved from the Danish National Record Office for the 17 cases with primary liver cancer and the 16 cases with renal-cell carcinoma and five matched referents per case.
Results All of the 17 patients with primary liver cancer worked in laundries in 1970, whereas only 74% of the referents worked in laundries.
Neither was the risk of renal-cell carcinoma associated with dry-cleaning work (relative risk 0.7,95% CI 0.2-2.6).
Conclusions The excess risk of primary liver cancer observed for women working in laundries and dry-cleaning shops in Denmark is not likely to be explained by exposure to dry-cleaning solvents.
Excessive alcohol consumption is not a likely explanation either, and the excess risk therefore remains unexplained.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Foie, Epithélioma, Rein, Exposition professionnelle, Epidémiologie, Danemark, Europe, Homme, Femelle, Laverie, Médecine travail, Foie pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Rein pathologie, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Nettoyage à sec
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Liver, Carcinoma, Kidney, Occupational exposure, Epidemiology, Denmark, Europe, Human, Female, Laundry, Occupational medicine, Hepatic disease, Digestive diseases, Renal disease, Urinary system disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0498720
Code Inist : 002B13C01. Création : 01/03/1996.