The frequency of schizophrenia may have increased during the early stages of industrialization and may now be declining.
Early in the process of development, the illness appeared to be more common among the upper classes and later, more common in the lower classes.
As with certain other diseases, the occurrence of schizophrenia may be influenced by the transition from poverty to affluence.
Explanations for such a pattern of occurrence include the combined effect of (1) variation in the rate of birth complications owing to cephalopelvic disproportion secondary to changes in nutrition, and (2) increased infant survival following improvements in obstetric and neonatal care.
These effects help elucidate the pattern of occurrence of schizophrenia in immigrant groups.
Mots-clés Pascal : Schizophrénie, Psychose, Etiologie, Facteur risque, Environnement social, Changement social, Industrialisation, Santé mentale, Etat sanitaire, Nutrition, Obstétrique, Statut social, Structure sociale, Etude transculturelle, Epidémiologie, Article synthèse, Siècle 19eme, Siècle 20eme, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Etiology, Risk factor, Social environment, Social change, Industrialization, Mental health, Health status, Nutrition, Obstetrics, Social status, Social structure, Crosscultural study, Epidemiology, Review, Century 19th, Century 20th, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0489135
Code Inist : 002B18H03. Création : 01/03/1996.