The mortality profile of 9585 male New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) highway maintenance workers was examined by calculating age-era standard mortality ratios (SMRs), using the general male population of upstate New York as a reference group, for the period 1958-1980.
The SMR for all workers was 1.14 (95% CI=1.09,1.18), with the greatest all-cause mortality among laborers (SMR=1.23,95% CI=1.16,1.29).
The major contributors to this increase among laborers were circulatory system diseases (SMR=1.18,95% CI=1.10,1.27), diseases of the respiratory system (SMR=1.34,95% CI=1.09,1.64), digestive system diseases (SMR=1.57,95% CI=1.26,1.94), genitourinary system diseases (SMR=1.61,95% CI=1.02,2.41) and accidents, poison, and violence (SMR=1.44,95% CI=1.19,1.74).
Some of the elevated risks observed may be attributed to cigarette smoking and other life-style factors that could not be assessed with the data available.
However, the mortality risks for laborers increased with length of employment and latency, suggesting that occupational exposures may be contributing to the elevated risk in this cohort.
Further studies should include information on life-style variables and other confounders as well as more detail on specific occupational exposures.
Mots-clés Pascal : New York, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Milieu urbain, Exposition professionnelle, Réseau routier, Maintenance, Homme, Mortalité, Etude longitudinale, Poste travail, Etude cohorte, Rapport standardisé mortalité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : New York, United States, North America, America, Urban environment, Occupational exposure, Road network, Maintenance, Human, Mortality, Follow up study, Workplace layout, Cohort study, Standardized mortality ratio
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0487508
Code Inist : 002B03L01. Création : 01/03/1996.