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  1. An epidemic of hepatitis B virus infection among intravenous drug users in Iceland.

    Article - En anglais

    This study describes an outbreak of hepatitis B primarily among intravenous drug users in Iceland which has a population with a very low incidence of hepatitis B virus infection.

    The incidence of acute hepatitis B is generally low in the Nordic Countries, in the order of one to five cases per 100,000 people per year.

    Between 1989 and 1992 there was an outbreak of hepatitis B virus infection primarily among the intravenous drug user (IVDU) population in Iceland.

    At the Department of Medical Virology, University of Iceland there were 44 cases of acute hepatitis B identified during the peak year 1990, an incidence of 16.9 cases of acute hepatitis B per 100,000 people. 63.6% of these were known to be IVDUs.

    The seroprevalence of the hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) marker was assessed among 1100 randomly selected individuals.

    The average prevalence of this marker was 2.9% and rose from zero at the age of 15 and younger to 6.5% at the age of 65 and older.

    Among IVDUs attending a detoxification clinic in 1990 the prevalence of the anti-HBc was 32%. In contrast, those attending the same clinic, due to alcoholism only, did not have a significantly higher prevalence of anti-HBc than the group used for comparison.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Homme, Incidence, Prévalence, Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Islande, Iles Atlantiques, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Human, Incidence, Prevalence, Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, Iceland, Atlantic Ocean Islands, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0487329

    Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 01/03/1996.