Epidemiology of meningococcal infections in children in mid-southern part of Turkey.
59 patients were treated for meningococcal infections in Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases. 50.8% of patients were male, 33.9% were under two years of age and 61% were under five. 78% of patients were admitted to hospital in winter and spring time.
Meningococcal meningitis (MM) was present in 39% of patients on admission, however, meningococcemia in 27.1% and meningococcemia and meningococcic meningitis (Meningococcemia+MM) in 33.9%. Fatality rate was 18.6% and no association was found between mortality and clinical type of disease (p>0.05), but mortality ratio decreased with an increasing age (p<0.01).
No deaths occurred among the 12 patients who received IV penicillin treatment shortly before admitting to hospital, on the other hand 11 of 47 patients (23.4%) without such a previous treatment died.
Mots-clés Pascal : Méningococcie, Bactériose, Infection, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Turquie, Asie, Mortalité, Démographie, Statut socioéconomique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Meningococcal disease, Bacteriosis, Infection, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Turkey, Asia, Mortality, Demography, Socioeconomic status
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0487327
Code Inist : 002B05B02I. Création : 01/03/1996.