In the mid-19th century, most American addicts were genteel women hooked on opiates through medical treatment.
Within a few decades, a new group of addicts emerged-pleasure users who patronized apium dens.
As local laws closed dens, the pleasure users-most often poor uoung men in northern cities-began experimenting with cocaine and heroin, causing an alarmed government to launch an escalating campaign to root out the new deviant subculture.
Various treatment efforts were instituted, from short-lived clinics to federal narcotics farms.
This drug use epidemic peaked in the 1920s and was essentially quelled by World War II.
This paper briefly discusses differences between early Bristish and US policies and the contemporary implications of this early drug use epidemic.
Mots-clés Pascal : Politique sanitaire, Royaume Uni, Etats Unis, Toxicomanie, Opiacés, Cocaïne, Homme, Historique, Etude générale, Europe, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health policy, United Kingdom, United States, Drug addiction, Opiates, Cocaine, Human, Case history, General study, Europe, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0485824
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 01/03/1996.