This study assessed the acceptability of three nonoxynol-9 spermicides among persons attending a secually transmitted disease clinic in Lusaka, Zambia.
Spermicidal foam, suppositories, and foaming tablets were evaluated.
Women (n=114) and men (n=150) attending an sexually transmitted disease clinic were enrolled.
After each participant used two products, each for 2 weeks, consistency of use and acceptability were evaluated.
At admission, most women (74%) and men (58%) were not using any family planning method.
Moreover, most women (85%) and men (98%) had at least one sexually transmitted disease or genital infection.
During the study, the proportion of coital episodes protected by spermicide use was high, yet loss to follow-up and discontinuation were also substantial.
Discontinuation was frequently unrelated to acceptability.
Women and men rated all three products positively along several acceptability parameters.
Foam was the least desirable delivery system due to excess massiness.
The results of this study suggest that it is feasible to distribute spermicides to women and men at increased risk for sexually transmitted disease and that the products will be used.
Further research should be done among different populations and include other spermicidal delivery mechanisms.
Mots-clés Pascal : Spermicide, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Homme, Utilisation, Attitude, Prévention, Zambie, Afrique, Acceptabilité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Spermicide, Sexually transmitted disease, Human, Use, Attitude, Prevention, Zambia, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0483937
Code Inist : 002B20A02. Création : 01/03/1996.