California hospital discharge data for 1991 were examined to describe persons hospitalized for near drownings (i.e., a submersion incident for which the victim was admitted to a hospital).
Among residents with near-drowning injuries, there were 865 discharges, regardless of outcome (rate=2.8/100000) ; 785 persons survived the hospitalization, and 80 (9%) did not.
Swimming pools were the most common submersion site (62%). Highest rates per 100 000 were found among males (3.6), Blacks (3.6), and children 1 through 5 years old (18.4).
Charges for the initial hospitalization (excluding physicians'fees) amounted to $11.4 million.
The state government's share of these charges was $5.4 million, with Medi-Cal expected to pay $4.1 million.
Blacks, males, Medi-Cal recipients, and young children are most at risk and should be targeted for prevention programs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Noyade, Hospitalisation, Homme, Epidémiologie, Age, Race, Incidence, Analyse coût, Economie santé, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drowning, Hospitalization, Human, Epidemiology, Age, Race, Incidence, Cost analysis, Health economy, California, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0483247
Code Inist : 002B27B08. Création : 01/03/1996.