This study used the 1983-86 U.S. Linked Live Birth-Infant Death Files to examine variations in pregnancy outcomes among 38,551 U.S. resident black and white adolescents ages 10 through 14.
The birth rate was 4.29 per 1,000 for blacks, more than 7 times the rate for whites (. 59 per 1,000).
Black mothers had higher proportions of very low and low birth weight infants than did whites (very low birth weight : 3.7 versus 2.6 ; low birth weight : 15.0 versus 10.5).
Neonatal and infant mortality rates were higher among very low birth weight and low birth weight white infants.
Neonatal and infant mortality rates were similar for normal birth weight infants of both races, but were 3.7 to 7.4 times higher among black infants with birth weights more than 4,250 grams.
Logistic regression indicated that black mothers were at higher risk for having infants who were low birth weight, very low birth weight, small for gestational age, preterm, and very preterm.
There were no differences by race for neonatal, postneonatal, and infant mortality.
While the risk for poor pregnancy outcomes is great among young adolescents, young black adolescents appear to be particularly vulnerable.
Attempts to reduce unintended pregnancies in this group should receive highest priority.
Mots-clés Pascal : Adolescent, Homme, Femelle, Foetus pathologie, Poids naissance très faible, Poids naissance faible, Epidémiologie, Race, Pronostic, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Négroïde, Caucasoïde, Prématuré, Gestation pathologie, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Adolescent, Human, Female, Fetal diseases, Very low birthweight, Low birth weight, Epidemiology, Race, Prognosis, United States, North America, America, Negroid, Caucasoid, Premature, Pregnancy disorders, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0482085
Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 01/03/1996.