Although prior research has found that homes containing firearms and illicit drug and ethanol users are more likely to be the scene of a homicide than homes that do not contain these elements, the authors studied homicides on the streets as well as in homes so as to assess the role of firearms, cocaine, and ethanol in both settings.
Using the files of the Chief Medical Examiner, the authors reviewed all 4,468 homicides occurring in New York City in 1990 and 1991.
The most frequent places of occurrence were the streets and other outdoor places (49.6 percent) and the victims'homes (19.3 percent).
Firearms were the cause of death for 49.6 percent of homicides in the home and 80.3 percent of those on the streets.
Use of cocaine and ethanol was found more frequently among victims killed on the streets than those killed at home.
In addition, victims killed on the streets were more likely to be male, ages 15-24 years, and African American.
Further research in regard to prevention and intervention strategies is needed, keeping in mind the different patterns of homicide on the streets compared with those occurring in other settings.
Mots-clés Pascal : Meurtre, Rue, Logement habitation, Arme à feu, Substance toxicomanogène, Ethanol, Epidémiologie, Homme, New York, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Ville, Violence
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Murder, Street, Housing, Fire arm, Drug of abuse, Ethanol, Epidemiology, Human, New York, United States, North America, America, Town, Violence
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0482079
Code Inist : 002B18C04. Création : 01/03/1996.