Sexually transmitted infections are major causes of morbidity in young women throughout the world, and are now recognized to be important co-factors in HIV transmission.
This paper gives an overview of the prevention and care of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV, an update of their epidemiology, and recent advances in treatment.
HIV infection in women is becoming more common, with more babies being born to infected women.
The risk of vertical transmission from mother to baby can be reduced significantly by interventions such as avoidance of breastfeeding and the use of the antiviral drug zidovudine.
Interventions cannot be offered unless pregnant women with HIV are identified, which highlights the need to establish voluntary named antenatal screening programmes.
Mots-clés Pascal : Article synthèse, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Epidémiologie, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Prévention, Royaume Uni, Europe, Traitement, Chimiothérapie, Femelle, Homme, Transmission mère enfant, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Review, Sexually transmitted disease, Epidemiology, Female genital diseases, Prevention, United Kingdom, Europe, Treatment, Chemotherapy, Female, Human, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0481522
Code Inist : 002B05F06. Création : 01/03/1996.