To assess the accuracy of the ten questions screen as a measure of childhood disability for epidemiologic studies in populations lacking resources for professional assessment of children's development and functioning.
Design-Household survey and screening of children in phase one followed by clinical assessments in phase two.
A cluster sample of 6365 children, aged 2 to 9 years, screened using the ten questions and a subsample referred for clinical assessments.
Main results-Although the sensitivity of the ten questions as a global screen for serious cognitive, motor, and seizure disabilities is high (84-100%), its sensitivity for identifying and distinguishing specific types of disability and for detecting vision, hearing, and mild disabilities, overall, is limited (generally<80% and as low as 4% for mild vision disability).
The predictive value of a positive screening result is also limited - using the ten questions in surveys without clinical confirmation results in overestimation of the prevalence of serious disability by more than 300%. Conclusions - The ten questions screen is not an assessment tool.
Its utility lies in its ability to screen or select a fraction of the population at high risk for serious disability.
As a screening tool, it allows scarce diagnostic and other professional resources to be efficiently directed toward those at high risk.
Mots-clés Pascal : Psychométrie, Arriération mentale, Déficience intellectuelle, Handicap physique, Handicap sensoriel, Epilepsie, Dépistage, Questionnaire, Enfant, Méthode étude, Epidémiologie, Pakistan, Homme, Asie, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Psychometrics, Mental retardation, Intellectual deficiency, Physical handicap, Sensory handicap, Epilepsy, Medical screening, Questionnaire, Child, Investigation method, Epidemiology, Pakistan, Human, Asia, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0481375
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 01/03/1996.