This study evaluated the overall effectiveness of the Navy's three-tiered obesity treatment program and compared effectiveness across the three treatment levels.
Height, weight, and body circumference measurements were obtained from 369 program participants at baseline and follow-up (6 weeks, 6 months, 12 months).
Results demonstrated a significant and sustained reduction in percent body fat in all three program tiers, but the absolute losses at the end of 12 months were small : - 3.7% fat for men, - 4.5% fat for women.
The level III tier, which employs a multidimensional approach to treatment, was the most effective program, even after differences in enrollees'initial percent body fat were taken into account.
Changes in the approach to treatment and development of a supportive, long-term, behaviorally based aftercare program are recommended.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Traitement, Homme, Etude comparative, Marine, Programme thérapeutique, Etat nutritionnel, Evaluation projet, Etats Unis, Métabolisme pathologie, Trouble nutrition, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Treatment, Human, Comparative study, Marine, Therapeutic schedule, Nutritional status, Project evaluation, United States, Metabolic diseases, Nutrition disorder, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0480759
Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 01/03/1996.