We reviewed the medical records of all patients with positive cultures for Mycobacterium tuberculosis from 1984 until 1993 in a hospital near Hamburg.
Drug-susceptibility testing was performed for isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol, and streptomycin, using the modified proportion method.
Of 1,055 patients, 9.6% had isolates resistant to one or more drugs.
Of the hofates, 5.8% showed resistance to isoniazid or rifampicin and 1.8% to both isoniazid and rifampicin.
There was no significant change of the resistance rate during the study period.
Twenty six percent of 89 patients from South America, Africa or Asia had isolates resistant to one or more drugs, compared with 7.6% of 799 patients born in Germany (odds ratio (OR) 4.2 ; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.5-73).
Among patients born in Germany, 32% of 101 patients with a history of prior antituberculosis drug therapy had resistant organisms, versus 4.2% of 698 patients without prior therapy (OR 10.7 ; 95% CI 6.1-18.7).
Resistance rates for 35 patients, who had been treated within the last 5 yrs, and for 65 patients, who had been treated more than 5 yrs ago, were 57 and 17%, respectively (OR 6.6 ; 95% CI 2.9-16.6).
Our results suggest that there is no increase in the proportion of drug-resistant tuberculosis in our hospital and that patients with a recent history of antituberculosis drug therapy and patients from South America, Africa, or Asia are at high risk for drug resistance.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Poumon, Antituberculeux, Résistance traitement, Allemagne, Europe, Traitement, Epidémiologie, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Chimiothérapie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Lung, Antituberculous agent, Negative therapeutic reaction, Germany, Europe, Treatment, Epidemiology, Human, Respiratory disease, Lung disease, Chemotherapy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0479272
Code Inist : 002B05B02E. Création : 01/03/1996.