Increased public concerns about infectious risk associated with homologous blood transfusions have led to a significant increase in autologous blood collections.
In response, blood banks and large hospitals have implemented autologous blood donation programs (ABDPs).
Small hospitals lack the technical resources and patient case loads to effectively institute ABDPs.
A preoperative ABDP designed to increase availability and patient convenience-and, therefore, utilization-is described.
The program created in a rural 90-bed general acute-care hospital processed 105 donors and collected 197 units over a 38-month period.
The percentage of the collected units that were transfused was 44.7%, and only 6.1% of participating patients required homologous transfusions.
Comparisons of hematological and clinical data with previously published results indicate that small-scale preoperative ABDPs are clinically effective, safe, and provide cost-efficient utilization of the safest blood supply available.
Mots-clés Pascal : Transfusion, Système autologue, Service hospitalier, Urgence, Variation, Fréquence, Facteur risque, Etude critique, Homme, Réanimation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Transfusion, Autologous system, Hospital ward, Emergency, Variations, Frequency, Risk factor, Critical study, Human, Resuscitation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0478953
Code Inist : 002B27D01. Création : 01/03/1996.