Wall S (Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Umea University, S-901 87 Umea, Sweden).
Epidemiology for prevention.
International Journal of Epidemiology 1995 ; 24 : 655-664.
This paper illustrates the basis of, expectations for and evaluation of prevention from an epidemiological perspective.
Specifically, the extent to which epidemiologists could and should be involved in designing and evaluating public health interventions is addressed.
Changes in the view on disease causation and epidemiology's role for the future of public health are discussed.
Examples from cardiovascular epidemiology are used to illustrate the ever more complex, but still incomplete, knowledge on which prevention is based.
A few current examples illustrate paradoxes where health information must balance academic discord.
Methodological problems in the evaluation of intervention studies often fail to live up to the expectations of prevention.
Outcome indicators of preventive projects must be developed and traditional appraisals of effects be supplemented with process analyses using both quantitative and qualitative methods.
Social conditions for prevention are discussed and areas for further research are suggested.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Prévention, Programme sanitaire, Evaluation, Homme, Etude générale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Prevention, Sanitary program, Evaluation, Human, General study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0473073
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 01/03/1996.