The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry maintains an active, state-based surveillance system to record the public health consequences of hazardous substance releases.
During 1992, the 9 participating states reported 1,876 events ; 80% of the events occurred at fixed facilities, and 20% were transportation related.
The most frequently released substances were volatile organic compounds, acids, herbicides, and ammonia.
In 263 events, 600 people were injured and 4 died.
Employees were injured more frequently (71%) than first responders or the general public.
The most frequently reported injuries were respiratory and eye irritation.
Evacuations occurred in 13% of the events.
These results provide information for preparedness planning and training of first responders and employees.
Mots-clés Pascal : Déchet dangereux, Toxique, Polluant, Environnement, Toxicité, Organisme réglementation, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Liste, Epidémiologie, Accident travail, Exposition professionnelle, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Oeil pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hazardous waste, Poison, Pollutant, Environment, Toxicity, Regulatory institution, United States, North America, America, Human, List, Epidemiology, Occupational accident, Occupational exposure, Respiratory disease, Eye disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0472970
Code Inist : 002B03M01. Création : 01/03/1996.