Mortality following cotton defoliation : San Joaquin Valley, California, 1970-1990.
A proportional mortality study comparing the cotton-growing areas of the San Joaquin Valley with the rest of the State of California was performed by the Office ofEnvironmental Health Hazard Assessment as a continuation of earlier studies related to mercaptan-releasing pesticides.
This mortality study found a pattern of increased proportion of « respiratory causes » mortality (ICD codes 460-519), statistically significant at less than the. 05 probability level, for 15 of 21 years between 1970 and 1990, for the time period during and immediately following cotton defoliation.
Defoliants which have the potential to produce acute symptoms include DEF and Folex, both of which release odorous butyl mercaptan gas as a degradation product.
This paper tests the hypothesis that exposure to cotton defoliant breakdown products may be associated with a disproportionate increase in mortality.
Prediction of the mortality proportions by pounds of DEF and Folex used was not statistically significant in the unadjusted models or in models adjusted for air pollution variables.
One air pollution adjustment factor, total suspended particulates, was a statistically significant independent mortality proportion predictor.
This finding suggests that total suspended particulates, not defoliants, may be related to mortality differentials during defoliation season.
Possible confounding by demographic variation of the counties was not controlled in the analysis.
Mots-clés Pascal : Défoliant, Plantation, Coton, Toxicité, Pollution air, Homme, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Pesticide, Merphos, Butiphos
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Defoliant, Planting, Cotton, Toxicity, Air pollution, Human, Mortality, Epidemiology, California, United States, North America, America, Pesticides
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0460642
Code Inist : 002B03G. Création : 01/03/1996.