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  1. Fertililty and family planning in African Cities : the impact of female migration.

    Article - En anglais

    This study uses data from thirteen Demographic and Health Surveys to examine effects of female migration on fertility in African cities.

    Contrary to expectations, migration from villages and towns in the 1980s and 1990s reduced total fertility rates in African cities by about one birth, from an estimated average of 5.55 in the absence of migration to 4.59.

    New arrivals experience much lower fertility in their first few years in cities than long term residents of similar age and parity.

    This results from the initial unmarried status of most migrants, high levels of spousal separation among new arrivals who are married, dramatic increases in use of modern methods of contraception after 2 years in cities, and continuation of traditionally long durations of postpartum abstinence.

    Accommodation of additional migrants thus appears consistent with efforts to reduce fertility in cities.

    Moreover, prospects for increased contraceptive prevalence in Africa may depend heavily on changes in population distribution that influence the demand for children, specifically movement to cities.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Fertilité, Contrôle naissance, Politique sanitaire, Afrique, Migration population, Homme, Femelle, Milieu urbain

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fertility, Birth control, Health policy, Africa, Population migration, Human, Female, Urban environment

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0458843

    Code Inist : 002B20A04. Création : 01/03/1996.