Over an 18 month period, there were 4,720 paediatric admissions at the Eldoret District Hospital in Western Kenya.
The most frequent 20 diseases were identified and their respective case fatality rates calculated.
Malaria was the most common cause for admission (33.0%) but the fourth most common cause of death with a case fatality rate of 2.2%. The overall mortality rate on the paediatric wards was 8.2% with 64.9% of the deaths occurring within the first 24 hours of hospitalization.
Three-fourth of all admissions were due to four diseases : malaria, pneumonia, gastroenteritis and measles.
Targeted interventional programmes aimed at these 4 diseases, coupled with a comprehensive primary health care system, would most likely result in much less morbidity and mortality for the children in the district.
The systems for routinely collecting and storing medical records were found to be substandard, making it very difficult to accurately monitor morbidity and mortality.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Morbidité, Etat sanitaire, Enfant, Kenya, Hospitalisation, Epidémiologie, Homme, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Morbidity, Health status, Child, Kenya, Hospitalization, Epidemiology, Human, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0458327
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.