Traduction en anglais : Transmission of poliomyelitis through drinking water and the problem of its eradication.
The role of driking water as a source of infection with wild poliovirus in modern cities was denied nearly 30 years ago on the basis of arguments taken from bacteriology.
Recent findings concerning the persistence of viruses in water and their resistence to antibacterial agents applied to fresh water and waste water require a revision of those older concepts.
There is now convincing evidence that in New York City, where poliomyelitis struck with extreme severity, drinking water was a main source of infection.
The phenomenon of water-borne poliomyelitis may become important in the near future as well.
Since population growth and scarcity of water in many parts of the world makes recycling of waste water necessary, the eradication campaign of the WHO must consider the possibility that strains of vaccine virus excreted by vaccinees will be reproduced forever.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poliomyélite antérieure, Virose, Infection, Eau potable, Contamination biologique, Approvisionnement eau, Eradication, Politique sanitaire, Homme, New York, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Hygiène, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Moelle épinière pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acute anterior poliomyelitis, Viral disease, Infection, Drinking water, Biological contamination, Water supply, Eradication, Health policy, Human, New York, United States, North America, America, Hygiene, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Spinal cord disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0448293
Code Inist : 002B05C02A. Création : 01/03/1996.