Medezinstudenten und unkonventionelle Heilweisen - eine Befragung.
Traduction en anglais : Medical students and alternative medicine - an inquiry.
In the last decade, the growing interest and use of alternative healing methods among practitioners and patients has been documented in many empirical studies.
The present inquiry of n=140 undergraduate medical students at the University of Düsseldorf reveals a continually increasing knowledge of methods, self-experience as patients or lay persons, and an interest in learning one or more techniques.
The highest interest in acquiring a working knowledge of a method is for acupuncture (55.7%), homoeopathy (42.1%), autogenous training (24.9%), and reflex-zonetherapies (11.4%). On a five-point-rating scale (3=no effect) for estimated effectivness, acupuncture, music therapy, autogenous training, massage, chiropractics (each 1.7) and homoeopathy (1.9) ranked high, whereas esoteric methods like laying-on-of-hands (3.3), hypnosis (2.5) and ozone and oxygen therapies (2.9) were low.
The average score of 2.1 for all alternative methods indicates that they are generally considered more effective than not.
A shit from a bio-medical « paradigm » towards psychosomatic and biopsychosocial thiking can be hypothesized, since (body-) psychotherapies (2.0) and body therapies (1.7) are rated highly effective.
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine parallèle, Enquête, Etudiant, Connaissance, Attitude, Perception sociale, Intérêt, Allemagne, Adulte jeune, Europe, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alternative medicine, Inquiry, Student, Knowledge, Attitude, Social perception, Interest, Germany, Young adult, Europe, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0448291
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 01/03/1996.