Heterocyclic amine content in fast-food meat products.
Heterocydic aromatic amines are sometimes formed during the cooking of muscle meats, and their mutagenic and carcinogenic effects are of potential concern in the aetiology of human cancer.
In a large survey of the heterocyclic amine content of foods, fried or charbroiled hamburgers, fried chicken, chicken breast sandwiches, fish sandwiches and breakfast sausages were purchased from fast-food restaurants.
At least three different chains were visited per product and samples from five stores from each chain were pooled.
The solid-phase extraction and HPLC method was used to analyse pooled samples for heterocyclic amine content and mutagenic activity with the Ames/Salmonella assay.
Samples were analysed in a blind study which also contained quality control samples of two types, one high and one low in heterocyclic amine content and mutagenic activity.
Results from the fast-food products showed undetectable levels of heterocyclic amines in 10 of 17 samples and only low levels [¾ 1 ng/g total of 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx), 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) and 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (DiMeIQx) ] in the remaining samples.
Compared with literature values based primarily on laboratory and home cooking conditions, fast-food meat products appear to contribute only a small percentage of the estimated daily dietary intake of heterocyclic amines.
Mots-clés Pascal : Viande, Aliment, Teneur, Composition chimique, Amine, Composé aromatique, Hétérocycle, Produit cuisson, Toxicité, Homme, Carcinogène, Mutagène, Imidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline(2-amino-3,8-diméthyl), Imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine(2-amino-1-méthyl-6-phényl), Restauration rapide
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Meat, Food, Content, Chemical composition, Amine, Aromatic compound, Heterocyclic compound, Bakery product, Toxicity, Human, Carcinogen, Mutagen
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0440347
Code Inist : 002B03H. Création : 01/03/1996.