The presence of antibodies to hepatitis E virus (HEV) was studied among hemophiliacs, blood donors, and hepatitis patients.
Four of 296 (1.4%) hemophiliacs and 5 of 1,275 (0.4%) donors were confirmed as positive for HEV antibodies (difference was not significant : P=0.07).
Parenteral transmission of HEV to hemophiliacs was thus rare or nonexistent.
Seven of 187 hepatitis patients were found with HEV antibodies (IgG and IgM).
Six persons fell ill shortly after arriving from HEV-endemic countries.
The seventh patient, without a history of travel, represents a case of nontropical hepatitis E. Consequently, hepatitis E should be considered in patients suffering from acute non-ABC hepatitis, even in industrialized countries. 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virus hépatite E, Virus, Anticorps, Sérologie, Homme, Donneur sang, Pays Bas, Europe, Hémophilie, Hépatite virale ni A ni B, Virose, Infection, Hémopathie, Coagulopathie, Maladie héréditaire, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hepatitis E virus, Virus, Antibody, Serology, Human, Blood donor, Netherlands, Europe, Hemophilia, Non A non B viral hepatitis, Viral disease, Infection, Hemopathy, Coagulopathy, Genetic disease, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0439733
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 01/03/1996.