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  1. Fulltext. Admissions for injury at a rural hospital in Ghana : implications for prevention in the developing world.

    Article - En anglais



    Strategies for injury prevention have been extensively studied in developed nations but not in the developing world.

    This study sought to determine which mechanisms of injury were common in a rural developing area and which were important contributors to mortality and disability.


    All 614 patients admitted for injuries to a rural African hospital between 1987 and 1991 were analyzed retrospectively for mechanism of injury and outcome, as assessed by mortality and long-term functional status.


    The leading mechanisms of injury were transport related (29%) and burns (16%). Burns accounted for 61% of injuries in children under 5 years.

    Mortality was 7.3% in the series, with 24% of deaths owing to transport injuries.

    Disability developed in 103 (22%) of the 462 survivors available for assessment, with most disability resulting from transport injuries (26% of all disabilities), burns (13%), and agricultural injuries (14%). Conclusions.

    Among injured patients who presented for treatment in this rural developing area, the largest burden of mortality and disability was from burns and transport-related injuries.

    Population-based studies are needed to substantiate whether these should be priorities for injury prevention efforts.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Cause, Admission hôpital, Milieu rural, Ghana, Homme, Prévention, Epidémiologie, Afrique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Cause, Hospital admission, Rural environment, Ghana, Human, Prevention, Epidemiology, Africa

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0437203

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.