Unmet needs for help among persons with AIDS.
Current trends in AIDS care in the United States, including dehospitalization and improved outpatient treatment, may place many persons with AIDS (PWAs) at increased risk for having unmet need for help with daily living demands.
Using interviews with 224 PWAs, we examined the prevalence and correlates of unmet need for assistance across six functional domains : personal care, instrumental activities of daily living (e.g. home chores, using transportation), social functioning, role performance, taking care of one's health and negotiating systems.
Overall, 74.1% of respondents reported having either a partially or completely unmet need for help in one or more areas of functioning.
Unmet need for help was highest for instrumental activities of daily living (46.4%). Unmet need was associated with illness severity (i.e. more symptoms and hospitalizations), minority status and support network characteristics (proximity, size and type of supporters).
Implications of unmet needs data for improving the clinical care of PWAs are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Politique sanitaire, Etats Unis, SIDA, Désinstitutionnalisation, Soin, Ambulatoire, Enquête, Demande thérapeutique, Besoin, Vie quotidienne, Satisfaction, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Virose, Infection
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health policy, United States, AIDS, Desinstitutionalization, Care, Ambulatory, Inquiry, Therapeutical request, Need, Daily living, Satisfaction, Human, North America, America, Viral disease, Infection
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0437189
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 01/03/1996.