Unintentional carbon monoxide poisonings were identified through death certificates, by hyperbaric chambers, and by laboratories required to report carboxyhemoglobin levels greater than 12%. From 1986 to 1991,981 cases were reported, including 174 deaths.
Deaths most often resulted from fire-related carbon monoxide intoxication (36.2%), followed by motor vehicle exhaust (34.5%), and furnaces (10.3%). Among nonfatal cases, furnaces were the leading source of carbon monoxide exposure (44.3%), followed by motor vehicle exhaust (22.8%). The importance of furnaces and other home heating devices in carbon monoxide intoxication may be underapreciated if only mortality data are examined.
Surveillance of carbon monoxide-related morbidity is a useful adjunct to mortality surveillance guiding prevention efforts.
Mots-clés Pascal : Carbone monoxyde, Toxicité, Intoxication, Homme, Epidémiologie, Colorado, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Surveillance sanitaire, Prévention, Gaz
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carbon monoxide, Toxicity, Poisoning, Human, Epidemiology, Colorado, United States, North America, America, Sanitary surveillance, Prevention, Gases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0437182
Code Inist : 002B03L02. Création : 01/03/1996.