Despite the political and economic reforms that have swept Eastern Europe in the past 5 years, there has been little change in Poland's health care system.
The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare has targeted preventive care as a priority, yet the enactment of legislation to meet this goal has been slow.
The process of reform has been hindered by political stagnation, economic crisis, and a lack of delineation of responsibility for implementing the reforms.
Despite the delays in reform, recent developments indicate that a realistic, sustainable restructuring of the health care system is possible, with a focus on preventive services.
Recent proposals for change have centered on applying national goals to limited geographic areas, with both local and international support.
Regional pilot projects to restructure health care delivery at a community level, local health education and disease prevention initiatives, and a national training program for primary care and family physicians and nurses are being planned.
Through regionalization, an increase in responsibility for both the physician and the patient, and redefinition of primary health care and the role of family physicians, isolated local movements and pilot projects have shown promise in achieving these goals, even under the current budgetary constraints.
Mots-clés Pascal : Système santé, Prévention, Education sanitaire, Pologne, Homme, Politique sanitaire, Réforme, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health system, Prevention, Health education, Poland, Human, Health policy, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0434740
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 01/03/1996.