Hepatitis C and arboviral antibodies in the Island populations of Mauritius and Rodrigues.
A serological survey for antibodies to hepatitis C virus (HCV), dengue viruses (DEN), West Nile virus (WN), and sindbis virus (SIN) was carried out in sera of selected groups of the population of the Islands of Mauritius (n=449) and Rodrigues (n=115), Indian Ocean. 8.3% of 564 sera were positive for anti-HCV.
In Mauritius, 2.1% of sera of healthy individuals were found with anti-HCV.
The highest prevalence was found in sexually transmitted disease (STD) patients and prison inmates with 46,2% and 43.8%, respectively.
None of the sera from blood donors sampled from Rodrigues Island had anti-HCV.
Antibodies to arboviruses were detected in sera of individuals from both islands.
Anti-DEN IgG was detected in 3.8% of sera from Mauritius and 0.9% from Rodrigues, Anti-WN IgG was detected in 2.2% of sera from Mauritius and 0.9% from Rodrigues.
All sera from Rodrigues were without anti-SIN IgG, 1.1% of those from Mauritius were positive.
This suggests that arboviruses occur on these islands.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virus hépatite C, Flaviviridae, Virus, Virus West Nile, Flavivirus, Virus dengue, Homme, Anticorps, Sérologie, Epidémiologie, Ile Maurice, Iles Océan Indien, Hépatite virale C, Virose, Infection, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Ile Rodrigues
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hepatitis C virus, Flaviviridae, Virus, West Nile virus, Flavivirus, Dengue virus, Human, Antibody, Serology, Epidemiology, Mauritius, Indian Ocean Islands, Viral hepatitis C, Viral disease, Infection, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0428086
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 01/03/1996.