Exposure of the deck crew to carcinogenic agents in oil product tankers.
Work on deck on eight oil product tankers was examined.
The purpose was to evaluate the need for improvement of the working environment to reduce the risk of occupational cancer.
Benzene, polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and organic lead compounds were sampled, and the crew answered a questionnaire on acute health effects.
By area monitoring, benzene was generally found to be in the range from the detection limit, of 0.01 ppm, up to 1.15 ppm, but one tanker which loaded gasoline with the hatches open had levels up to 55 ppm.
Personal monitoring showed exposure levels in the range 0.01-1.15 ppm.
The PAH-levels and the levels of organic lead were low.
No seamen were observed using respiratory protective equipment.
Central nervous system symptoms were reported by the crew with the highest exposures to benzene although benzene may not be the only cause.
The exposure to benzene and other hydrocarbons on the deck of oil product tankers ought to be reduced.
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinogène, Navire citerne, Personnel navigant, Exposition professionnelle, Homme, Composé aromatique polycyclique, Benzène, Plomb, Métal lourd, Hygiène travail, Médecine travail, Teneur air ambiant, Lieu travail, Analyse quantitative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinogen, Tanker, Crew, Occupational exposure, Human, Polycyclic aromatic compound, Benzene, Lead, Heavy metal, Occupational hygiene, Occupational medicine, Ambient air concentration, Work place, Quantitative analysis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0427666
Code Inist : 002B04E02. Création : 01/03/1996.