Epidemiological study of eye irritation by hydrogen sulphide and/or carbon disulphide exposure in viscose rayon workers.
In the framework of an extensive health survey 123 male viscose rayon workers exposed to hydrogen sulphide (H2S) and/or carbon disulphide (CS2) and 67 referents not exposed to either of these chemicals answered questions on eye irritation complaints in a self-administered questionnaire.
Personal exposure varied from 4 to 112 mg m-3 for CS2 and from 0.2 to 8.9 mg m-3 for H2S.
A combined exposure measure was calculated using principal component analysis.
The exposed subjects had a significantly higher prevalence of eye pain, burning and photophobia.
Adjustment for age and smoking in logistic regresson revealed significantly more eye complaints for all workers that were highly exposed.
In a postal survey one-third of the ex-workers of the same viscose rayon factory reported having left the factory because of eye complaints, indicating that their occurrence may be underestimated in the cross-sectional study.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hydrogène Sulfure, Carbone disulfure, Exposition professionnelle, Toxicité, Homme, Oeil pathologie, Cellulose régénérée, Industrie chimique, Epidémiologie, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hydrogen Sulfides, Carbon disulfide, Occupational exposure, Toxicity, Human, Eye disease, Cellulose hydrate, Chemical industry, Epidemiology, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0427663
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 01/03/1996.