The potential for blood contact with nonintact skin puts operating room personnel at an increased risk of exposure to hepatitis or HIV virus.
Frank needle-stick injury to the surgeon has been shown to occur once every 20-40 operations.
It has been shown that blood contact exposure during aesthetic surgery occurs in 32% of the operations in which a single pair of surgical gloves is used (surgeon 39.7%, assistant 23%). The reduction of blood contact exposure during aesthetic surgical procedures by using two pairs of gloves was tested and demonstrated.
Contact rates decreased by 70%. Outer-glove perforations occurred in 25.6% of the cases, while inner-glove perforations occurred in only 10% of the cases (surgeon 8.7%, assistant 3.5%). All of the inner-glove perforations occurred during procedures that lasted longer than two hours, and in no case was there an inner-glove defect without a corresponding outerglove perforation.
The nondominant index finger (33%) was the most common location.
Double gloving during aesthetic procedures reduced the operating room personnel's risk of blood contact exposure by 70% when compared with singleglove use.
Mots-clés Pascal : Chirurgie plastique, Prévention, Contamination, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Hépatite virale, Virose, Infection, Gant, Chirurgien, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Plastic surgery, Prevention, Contamination, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Viral hepatitis, Viral disease, Infection, Glove, Surgeon, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0412937
Code Inist : 002B25M. Création : 01/03/1996.