A sample of 187 medical center nurses described 2 stressful occupational episodes varying in perceived controllability and provided information regarding the coping strategies used.
Outcome measures assessed effectiveness of coping across 3 dimensions : perceived coping effectiveness, job affect, and psychological adjustment.
Negative affectivity was measured to control for its tendency to inflate stress-adjustment relationships.
Use of problem-solving strategies was related to perceived coping effectiveness only for high-control episodes.
However, differential use of coping across levels of controllability was not related to job affect or psychological adjustment.
Avoidant coping was strongly associated with negative affect at work.
In contrast, problem-reappraisal and problem-solving strategies were related to positive affect at work.
Implications for theory and practice are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infirmier, Personnel sanitaire, Employé, Condition travail, Stress, Coping, Satisfaction professionnelle, Efficacité personnelle, Stratégie, Cognition, Adulte, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nurse, Health staff, Employee, Working condition, Stress, Coping, Job satisfaction, Self efficacy, Strategy, Cognition, Adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0412474
Code Inist : 002A26L09. Création : 01/03/1996.