A two-year prospective study of neonatal deaths at a Nigerian University Teaching Hospital is presented.
There were 55 deaths among 1081 inborn live deliveries (50.88/1000).
Low birthweight babies accounted for 60% of deaths.
There were 49 (45.33/1000) perinatal deaths, 61% of which occurred within 24 hours.
The mortality rate of term small-for-gestational age neonates was higher than that of their appropriate-for-gestational age counterparts (X2=4.55, P<0.05).
The mortality rate for 315 referred admissions was 400/1000.
Referred very low birthweight babies had a better outcome than inborn ones.
Severe infections, severe birth asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome and recurrent apnoea were among the leading causes of death in this study.
There is a need for improved intensive care facilities for the high-risk newborn.
Greater effort is required to improve early utilization of available maternity services.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Nouveau né, Epidémiologie, Nigéria, Etiologie, Homme, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Newborn, Epidemiology, Nigeria, Etiology, Human, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0412168
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.