Situation awareness has primarily been confined to the aviation field.
We believe that situation awareness is an equally important characteristic in the complex, dynamic, and risky field of anesthesiology.
We describe three aspects of situations of which the decision maker must remain aware : subtle cues, evolving situations, and special knowledge elements.
We provide examples of real or simulated anesthesia situations in which situation awareness is clearly involved in the provision of optimal patient care, and we map the elements of situation awareness onto a cognitive process model of the anesthesiologist.
Finally, we consider how situation awareness can be further investigated and taught in this medical domain using anesthesia simulators and analyses of real cases.
The study of situation awareness in anesthesiology may provide a good example of the wider application of the concept of situation awareness to nonaerospace environments.
Mots-clés Pascal : Anesthésiste, Anesthésie, Erreur humaine, Facteur humain, Prise conscience, Attention, Vigilance, Cognition, Résolution problème, Complexité tâche, Pratique professionnelle, Médecin, Adulte, Conscience situation, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Anesthesiologist, Anesthesia, Human error, Human factor, Awareness, Attention, Vigilance, Cognition, Problem solving, Task complexity, Professional practice, Physician, Adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0395250
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 01/03/1996.