With tension between the demand for health services and the cost of providing them, rationing is increasingly evident in all medical systems.
Until recently, rationing was primarily through the ability to pay or achieved implicitly by doctors working within fixed budgets.
Such forms of rationing are commonly alleged to be inequitable and inefficient and explicit rationing is advocated as more appropriate.
Utilisation management in the United States and quasi-markets separating purchasing from provision in the United Kingdom are seen as ways of using resources more efficiently and are increasingly explicit.
There is also advocacy to ration explicitly at the point of service.
Mechanic reviews the implications of these developments and explains why explicit approaches are likely to focus conflict and dissatisfaction and be politically unstable.
Explicit rationing is unlikely to be as equitable as its proponents argue and is likely to make dissatisfaction and perceived deprivation more salient.
Despite its limitations, implicit rationing at the point of service is more sensitive to the complexity of medical decisions and the needs and personal and cultural preferences of patients.
All systems use a mix of rationing devices, but the clinical allocation of services should substantially depend on the discretion of professionals informed by practice guidelines, outcomes research, and other informational aids.
Mots-clés Pascal : Service santé, Organisation santé, Politique sanitaire, Rationalisation choix budgétaire, Soin, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health service, Public health organization, Health policy, Planning programming and budgeting system, Care, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0394498
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 01/03/1996.