Dependency and community care in presenile Alzheimer's disease.
In a study of patients with presenile dementia of Alzheimer type (PDAT), we aimed to investigate functional dependency in relation to the time since diagnosis and place of residence.
Use of community and support services and the time between diagnosis and entry to permanent residential care were also studied.
Interviews with 109 cases of PDAT (diagnosed before age 65) and their carers.
The need for assistance in activities of daily living (ADL) was progressive with time from diagnosis.
Five years after diagnosis, 57% of patients remained at home, 20% of whom required some assistance in each of six areas of ADL.
The need for assistance in each ADL category was significantly greater for cases in permanent residential care than for those at home.
There were no significant differences between the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores of patients at home and those of patients in permanent care.
Incontinence and the relationship of the carer to the patient were the strongest predictors of permanent residential care.
Respite care had been offered in 63% of cases ; 71% of these offers had been accepted.
Patients with PDAT who have a living relative are cared for at home for a considerable period of time despite severe cognitive impairment and loss of independence measured by ADL.
The reports of carers suggest there is scope for improvement in supportive services to meet this community need.
Mots-clés Pascal : Aidant, Démence présénile, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Maladie dégénérative, Capacité fonctionnelle, Dépendance, Vie quotidienne, Activité, Soin, Communauté, Besoin, Aide thérapeutique, Evolution, Institution, Adulte, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Presenile dementia, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Degenerative disease, Functional capacity, Dependence, Daily living, Activity, Care, Community, Need, Therapeutic assistance, Evolution, Institution, Adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0385592
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 01/03/1996.