Patterns of drugs prescribed for elderly community-dwelling heavy medicinal drug users were determined from random samples of data bases and compared between Manitoba, Canada and Jämtland, Sweden for the year 1981.
Qualitatively, there was 80% concordance between the 20 most frequently prescribed drugs in Manitoba and in Jämtland.
Gender differences were rare, but there were notable quantitative differences for prescription of specific drugs between the two jurisdictions.
Drugs to treat cardiovascular diseases were prominent in both groups with thiazides, triamterene and alpha-methyldopa more frequently prescribed for Manitoba patients, and furosemide, potassium supplements and digoxin more frequently prescribed for patients from Jämtland.
The frequent prescribing of codeine in combination analgesics in Manitoba and phenothiazines in Jämtland appears to represent geographically disparate approaches to the use of these drugs.
Overall, the concordance of prescribed drugs for elderly heavy medicinal drug users from these two jurisdictions appears to outweigh the differences.
These results indicate that data from studies of heavy medicinal drug users, at least in the industrialized world, may be more widely applicable than to the geographical location from where they were obtained.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prescription médicale, Médicament, Utilisation, Epidémiologie, Vieillard, Homme, Etude comparative, Suède, Europe, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Traitement communautaire, Chimiothérapie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medical prescription, Drug, Use, Epidemiology, Elderly, Human, Comparative study, Sweden, Europe, Canada, North America, America, Community treatment, Chemotherapy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0385179
Code Inist : 002B02A07. Création : 01/03/1996.