A heterosexual partners survey in rural Senegal, Africa, was carried out in 1992 to evaluate the reliability of self-reported answers about sexual practices.
The authors followed 62 married couples weekly during a 5-week period to assess the level of agreement 1) between answers made by members of the same couple but collected separately, 2) between retrospective reporting of sexual activity during the last 4 weeks versus weekly reporting of sexual activity during 4 weeks, and 3) between answers to a set of identical retrospective questions asked 5 weeks apart.
Reports over recent and short periods of time such as 7 days are reliable : The dates of sexual acts with spouse reported during the weekly interviews were concordant between members of a couple at 0-day or 1-day intervals in 72% of cases.
The concordance of weeks reported with or without intercourse was also high.
Reports over longer periods of time are less reliable : The comparison of retrospective reports versus weekly reports regarding mean number of sexual acts during the last 4 weeks shows a clear overreporting that was higher among men (4.5 vs. 2.7 sexual acts) than among women (3.7 vs. 2.7).
An J Epidemiol 1995 ; 141 : 1194-200.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Méthodologie, Comportement sexuel, Homme, Milieu rural, Sénégal, Autoévaluation, Couple, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Methodology, Sexual behavior, Human, Rural environment, Senegal, Self evaluation, Couple, Africa
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0378293
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 01/03/1996.